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2 edition of Resting energy expenditure in stroke patients who are dependent on tube feeding. found in the catalog.

Resting energy expenditure in stroke patients who are dependent on tube feeding.

Ashley Leone

Resting energy expenditure in stroke patients who are dependent on tube feeding.

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Published .
Written in English


About the Edition

Energy requirements of chronic stroke patients are not known. We sought to determine the energy requirements of stable stroke patients who are tube fed. We measured the resting energy expenditure (REE) of tube fed, chronic stroke patients using indirect calorimetry and, measured fat free mass (FFM) using bioelectrical impedance to determine the relationship between FFM and REE. The results of 10 participants were compared to a healthy control group. FFM was significantly lower in the stroke group (42.1 +/- 7.7 kg) than the controls (50.9 +/- 11.2 kg) (p<0.05). Adjustment of REE for FFM brought the mean REE of the stroke group (1321 +/- 248.6 kcal/d) closer to that of the controls (1511 +/- 276.4 kcal/d) than the original measured values. However, adjusted REE remained significantly lower for the stroke group than for the control group (p<0.0001). Energy needs of chronically tube fed stroke survivors appear to be low.

The Physical Object
Pagination71 leaves.
Number of Pages71
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19551853M
ISBN 109780494213438

OBJECTIVES: There is controversy in the literature regarding the effect of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on resting energy expenditure (REE). In many cases this may have resulted from inappropriate adjustment of REE measurements to account for differences in body by: A method of assisting a person to achieve a weight control goal comprises determining a resting energy expenditure for the person using an indirect calorimeter, and converting the resting energy expenditure of the person into a number of resting points. The activity level of the person can be monitored or estimated, and converted into a number of activity by: Which of the following are contra-indications for tube feedings? Hypomotility of the small intestine. Functioning GI tract, but patient cannot meet nutritional needs orally. Severe Dysphagia. Low output GI fistulas. Protein energy malnutrition. 4. When is a tube feeding not warranted? When the .


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Resting energy expenditure in stroke patients who are dependent on tube feeding. by Ashley Leone Download PDF EPUB FB2

Results. Fat free mass was significantly lower in the stroke group ( ± kg) than the controls ( ± kg) (p Cited by: Background & aims: Energy requirements of chronic stroke patients are not known. The purpose was to determine the energy requirements of stable stroke patients who are tube fed.

Methods: Resting energy expenditure was measured in tube fed, chronic stroke patients (n=10) using indirect calorimetry. Fat free mass was then measured using bioelectrical impedance to determine the relationship Cited by: In a retrospective study of post-stroke patients consisting of non-dysphagic patients on a normal diet, mild dysphagic patients on a dysphagia diet, and severely dysphagic patients on tube feeding, Kim et al.

found that the latter two groups were malnourished according to their prealbumin, albumin, protein, and lymphocyte by: 3. Results. A total of patients were included. The % AdCal/REE had a significant non-linear (p Cited by: The purpose was to determine the energy requirements of stable stroke patients who are tube fed.

Resting energy expenditure was measured in tube fed, chronic stroke patients (n=10) using indirect. Malnutrition in Stroke Patients: Risk Factors, Assessment, and Management Article (PDF Available) in Neurocritical Care 29(8) August with 2, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Introduction. Weight loss and peripheral muscle wasting and dysfunction are common findings in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and are associated with poor quality of life [], impaired exercise tolerance, and increased mortality [].In general, weight loss occurs when there is an imbalance between energy intake and energy by:   Therefore, Resting energy expenditure in stroke patients who are dependent on tube feeding.

book and modification of the nutritional status should be an integral Resting energy expenditure in stroke patients who are dependent on tube feeding. book of therapy in IBD patients. The primary objective of our study is to investigate the influence of the disease on the resting energy expenditure and nutritional status during acute inflammation and.

37 Bardutzky J, Georgiadis D, Kollmar R, Schwab S. Energy expenditure in ischemic stroke patients treated with moderate hypothermia. Int Care Med ; 38 Terao Y, Miura K, Saito M, Sekino M, Fukusaki M, Sumikawa K. Quantitative analysis of the relationship between sedation and resting energy expenditure in postoperative patients.

Intense debate exists regarding the optimal energy and protein intake for intensive care unit (ICU) patients. However, most studies use predictive equations, demonstrated to be inaccurate to target energy intake.

We sought to examine the outcome of a large cohort of ICU patients in relation to the percent of administered calories divided by resting energy expenditure (% AdCal/REE) obtained by Cited by:   In clinical practice, an adequate measurement of resting energy expenditure (REE) for adult patients is important for optimal nutritional therapy in order to prevent under- and over nutrition [].REE in adult patients can be measured by indirect calorimetry, based on oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production [].Indirect calorimetry is considered as the most accurate method [] for Cited by: restinG enerGy exPenditure in CritiCally ill Patients: evaluation methods and CliniCal aPPliCations rev assoC med bras ; 62(7) Finally, the EE for the completion of the external mechanical work is defined as the effect of physical activ - ity, representing 15 to 30% of the daily by: 1.

Abstract. Resting energy expenditure (REE) was measured in 68 patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and in 34 weight-stable, age-matched (65 ± 8 y; x̄± SD) healthy control -free mass (FFM) determined by bioelectrical resistance explained 84% of the variation in REE in the control group but only 34% in the COPD by:   Non-dialysed chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients may have altered resting energy expenditure (REE) because of the important metabolic functions of the kidneys.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether REE in clinically stable, non-diabetic and non-dialysed CKD patients with no clinical Resting energy expenditure in stroke patients who are dependent on tube feeding.

book of inflammation, was different from Cited by: Assessment of resting energy expenditure in pediatric mitochondrial diseases with indirect calorimetry Author links open overlay panel C. Fiuza-Luces a b 1 A. Santos-Lozano a c 1 M.T. García-Silva a e f E. Martín-Hernández e f P.

Quijada-Fraile e M. Marín-Peiró d P. Campos e J. Arenas a b A. Lucía a d M.A. Martín a b c M. Morán a b cCited by: 2. While not always observed, we and others show that resting metabolic rate (RMR), the main contributing component of total daily energy expenditure, is ~10–20% lower than predicted and is related to fat-free mass in chronic stroke survivors with hemiparesis, indicating that muscle atrophy after stroke may lead to a Cited by: 5.

Background – An elevated resting energy many patients with COPD an increased resting expenditure (REE) commonly occurs in energy expenditure (REE) has been dem-patients with chronic obstructive pul- onstrated.7–9 REE is the energy needed for the monary (COPD).

The purpose of this ongoing processes in the body in the restingCited by: ANS: A. The basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the energy needed to maintain life-sustaining activities for a specific period of time at rest. The resting energy expenditure (REE), or resting metabolic rate, is the amount of energy an individual needs to consume over a hour period for the body to maintain all of its internal working activities while at rest.

To measure energy expenditure of acutely ill elderly patients in hospital and following discharge in the community. Sixty-three consecutive hospitalised acutely ill elderly patients were recruited.

Eight patients were studied to assess the reliability of the Delta Tract Machine as a measure of energy expenditure; 35 patients had their energy expenditure studied in hospital on two occasions and Cited by:   Objective: To evaluate resting energy expenditure (REE) in brain dead patients and to investigate the hypothesis that the reduction in REE results from a decrease in cerebral blood : Prospective, open labeled, control g: General intensive care unit of a tertiary referral teaching ts: 30 critically ill patients with isolated head injury divided in two Cited by:   The investigators propose to assess 36 donors' nutritional status using accepted parameters (prealbumin, resting energy expenditure); to assess nutrient intestinal absorption through 13Curacil breath tests; and to evaluate serum concentrations of IL-6 and TNFalpha to determine if continuing or initiating enteral feeding and nutritional.

Introduction. Aim of this study was to compare the resting energy expenditure (REE) measured by the Douglas bag method with the REE estimated with the FitMate method, the Harris-Benedict equation, and the Müller et al. equation for individuals with BMI Methods. 15 subjects with AN participated in the Cited by: AIITM CT: Accurate prediction of the energy level necessary to promote weight restoration in patients with anorexia nervosa would be clinically useful.

Resting energy expenditure (REE), respiratory quotient, and body composition were measured in 10 nonmedicated women with anorexia nervosa during a vigorous refeeding protocol. REE. Resting energy expenditure represents the amount of calories required for a hour period by the body during a non-active period.

Energy expenditure can be estimated by numerous published formulas. There are nearly published energy expenditure formulas dealing with various conditions, disease states, age, presence of obesity and other.

Dickerson RN, et al (). Energy requirements of non-ambulatory, tube-fed adult patients with cerebral palsy and chronic hypothermia. Nutrition; 19(9): 3. Leone A, Pencharz PB ().

Resting energy expenditure in stroke patients who are dependent on tube feeding: a pilot study. Clin Nutr.; 29(3): 4. Donius MA ( The evidence suggests that patients with ABI are often hypermetabolic, with significantly higher resting energy expenditure in the acute period following the injury.

Continued research in this area will help to establish meaningful guidelines regarding use of barbiturates and sedations as modifiable factors.

energy expenditure during prolonged exercise cannot be measured b. the heat generated by exercise equipment must be taken into account c. it cannot be used for measurements of resting energy expenditure d. it is less accurate than indirect calorimetry.

resting energy expenditure (REE) The minimum energy needed to maintain basic psychological functions (e.g. heart beat, muscle function, respiration). The resting metabolic rate (RMR) extrapolated to 24 hours.

ESPEN Guideline ESPEN guideline on clinical nutrition in the intensive care unit Pierre Singer a, *, Annika Reintam Blaser b, c, Mette M.

Berger d, Waleed Alhazzani e, Philip C. Calder f, Michael P. Casaer g, Michael Hiesmayr h, Konstantin Mayer i, Juan Carlos Montejo j, Claude Pichard k, Jean-Charles Preiser l, Arthur R.H.

van Zanten m, Simon Oczkowski e, Wojciech Szczeklik n, Stephan C File Size: 2MB. In contrast, energy requirements during illness are increased coupled with an increase in resting energy expenditure. Statement # Grade of recommendation C-D Intake of energy is initially guided by energy requirements for normal healthy children but it should be adjusted for age, gender, mobility, physical activity and clinical condition of Cited by: ing energy expenditure was not associated with Ep-worthSleepinessScalescore(coefficientestimate,−; 95% confidence interval, ; P).

Multivariate regression results for AHI are given in Table 4. With adjustment for age, sex, and self-reported healthstatusinmodel1,theassociationbetweenREEand. Table 3. Correlation of Equations with IC Index Resting Energy Expenditure in Critically Ill Burns Patients M.

Walsh 1, S. Porteous1, A. Tierney 1, E. Ridley 1,2, I. Nyulasi1,3, H. Cleland 4 1 Nutrition Department, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria 2 Department of Epidemiology and Preventative Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria. Some patients literally have what the family is having -- their meal is put in the blender, strained, and administered.

Menus can also be created based on nutrient-dense food choices (Table 3). End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the end result of many forms of CKD. It is characterized by severely limited kidney function that is insufficient to maintain life.

Thus, most patients with ESRD require renal replacement therapy via hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or kidney transplantation. The primary end points were the duration of mechanical ventilation in the Trophic vs.

Full-Energy Enteral Nutrition in Mechanically Ventilated Patients with Acute Lung Injury (EDEN) trial, 7 60 Cited by:   Whole-body daily energy expenditure is primarily due to resting energy expenditure (REE).

Since there is a high inter-individual variance in REE, a quantitative and Cited by: Contribution of Resting Energy Expenditure to Weight Gain in Young Children - A Longitudinal Study Resting energy expenditure (RE Resting energy expenditure (REE) is the largest component of total daily energy expenditure and potentially important in the regulation of body weight.

Increasing metabolism is a primary focus of many commercially available dietary supplements marketed to support weight management.

Caffeine (e.g. anhydrous and herbal) and green tea are key ingredients in such products, augmenting resting energy expenditure (REE) and improving reported mood states (alertness, fatigue, focus, etc.).

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the. Zusman, O. et al. Critical Care. Published: 10 November Background: Intense debate exists regarding the optimal energy and protein intake for intensive care unit (ICU) patients. However, most studies use predictive equations, demonstrated to be inaccurate to target energy intake.

We sought to examine the outcome of a large cohort of ICU patients in relation to. Jejunostomy tube feeding requires greater dilution and smaller volumes.

Feeding usually begins at a concentration of ≤ kcal/mL and a rate of 25 mL/h. After a few days, concentrations and volumes can be increased to eventually meet caloric and water needs.

Usually, the maximum that can be tolerated is kcal/mL at mL/h, providing. Conclusion: There was an adaptive response of the resting energy expenditure pdf short-term energy restriction in morbidly pdf women with a 5% reduction in resting energy expenditure and a positive correlation between weight loss and the fat-free mass, which indicates the influence of fat-free mass on the decrease in resting energy expenditure.At the end of the test we collected the urine for the determination of download pdf urea nitrogen (UUN) (4).

In our work we performed two types of measurements: 1) the basal metabolic rate (BMR), or energy expenditure of a patient at rest, in the morning and without food for at least 12 hours and in conditions of thermic neutrality; and 2) the resting metabolic rate (RMR), or energy expenditure of a.This is your "resting ebook rate." This is ebook energy your body spends just keeping you alive, the energy it uses to keep your heart beating, to keep your blood flowing, to digest your food, and to breathe.

Your resting metabolic rate is approximately one kcal per kilogram of body weight per hour.